IELTS ဆုိတာ ဘာလဲ

IELTS (International English Language Testing System)

IELTS ဟာ အဂၤလိပ္စာကၽြမ္းက်င္တတ္ေျမာက္မႈကုိ စစ္ေဆးတဲ႔ စာေမးပဲြတစ္ခု ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ ႏုိင္ငံရပ္ျခားမွာ ေက်ာင္းသြားတက္မယ္႔သူမ်ားနဲ႔ သြားေရာက္အေျခခ်ေနထုိင္သူမ်ား ေျဖဆုိေလ႔ရွိၾကတဲ႔ စာေမးပဲြတစ္ခုလည္း ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ IELTS ကုိ ၾသစေၾတးလ်၊ အဂၤလန္၊ ကေနဒါ၊ နယူးဇီလန္နဲ႔ အေမရိကန္ႏုိင္ငံက တကၠသုိလ္ေတြက ဝင္ခြင္႔စာေမးပဲြတစ္ခုအေနနဲ႔လည္း အသုံးျပဳပါတယ္။ အဂၤလန္ႏုိင္ငံကုိ ဗီဇာေလွ်ာက္မယ္ဆုိရင္ေတာ႔ IELTS ကုိ ေျဖဆုိဖုိ႔ အေလးအနက္ တုိက္တြန္းလုိပါတယ္။

စာေမးပဲြေျဖဆုိရာမွာ ေအာင္မွတ္ရယ္လုိ႔ သီးသီးသန္႔သန္႔ မရွိပါဘူး။ အမွတ္ေတြကုိ ေပးတဲ႔အခါမွာ Band 1 ကေန Band 9 အၾကားေပးပါတယ္။ စာေမးပဲြလာမေျဖသူမ်ားကုိေတာ႔ Band 0 ေပးပါတယ္။ စာေမးပဲြရမွတ္မ်ားဟာ ၂ ႏွစ္အတြင္းမွာပဲ အက်ဳံးဝင္ပါတယ္။ အကယ္၍ စာေျဖသူဖက္က သူ႔ရဲ႔ အဂၤလိပ္စာ ကၽြမ္းက်င္မႈ က်ဆင္းသြားျခင္း မရွိပါဘူးဆုိတာကုိ တစ္နည္းနည္းနဲ႔ ျပသႏုိင္တယ္ဆုိရင္ေတာ႔ ၂ ႏွစ္ေက်ာ္လြန္သြားတဲ႔ IELTS Score ကုိ လက္ခံေပးပါတယ္။

IELTS ကုိ ၂၀၁၂ တုန္းက ၂ သန္းေက်ာ္၊ ၂၀၁၁ မွာ ၁.၇ သန္း၊ ၂၀၀၉  မွာ ၁.၄ သန္း စသည္ျဖင္႔ေျဖဆိုခဲ႔ၾကပါတယ္။ ၂၀၁၆ ခုနွစ္မွာေတာ႔ IELTS ကုိ ေျဖဆုိၾကသူ ၃ သန္းေက်ာ္ရွိၿပီး ႏုိင္ငံေပါင္း ၁၄၀ က ေျဖဆုိၾကတာ ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။  ၂၀၀၇ ခုႏွစ္မွာေတာ႔ တစ္ႏွစ္တည္းနဲ႔ ေျဖဆုိသူ ၁ သန္းရွိခဲ႔တာမုိ႔ ကမာၻမွာ အထင္ေပၚဆုံး အဂၤလိပ္စာအရည္အခ်င္းစစ္ စာေမးပဲြအျဖစ္ သတ္မွတ္ျခင္းခံခဲ႔ရပါတယ္။

IELTS စာေမးပဲြ ေမးခြန္းလႊာမွာ အပုိင္းေလးပုိင္း ပါရွိပါတယ္။ အဲဒါေတြကေတာ႔ Listening, Reading, Writing and Speaking တုိ႔ပဲ ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ IELTS Module ႏွစ္မ်ိဳးရွိပါတယ္။ Academic (ပညာေရးပုိင္းဆုိင္ရာ အရည္အခ်င္းစစ္စာေမးပဲြ) နဲ႔ General Training (ေယဘုယ်ကၽြမ္းက်င္မႈ အရည္အခ်င္းစစ္ စာေမးပဲြ) တုိ႔ပဲ ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။

Speaking နဲ႔ Listening ဟာ Modules ႏွစ္ခုလုံးမွာ အတူတူပဲ ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ Reading နဲ႔ Writing မွာေတာ႔ ကြာျခားသြားပါတယ္။ ႏုိင္ငံရပ္ျခားမွာ ေက်ာင္းသြားတက္မည္႔သူမ်ား၊ ပရုိဖက္ရွင္နယ္ လုိင္စင္စာေမးပဲြေျဖဆုိမည္႔သူမ်ား (ဥပမာ ဆရာဝန္၊ သူနာျပဳ၊ အင္ဂ်င္နီယာ စသည္ျဖင္႔)၊ မဟာတန္း (သုိ႔) ပါရဂူတန္း တက္ေရာက္မည္႔သူမ်ားအေနနဲ႔ Academic Module ကုိ ေျဖဆုိသင္႔ပါတယ္။ ႏုိင္ငံရပ္ျခားမွာ အေၾကာင္းအမ်ိဳးမ်ိဳးေၾကာင္႔ သြားေရာက္အေျခခ် ေနထုိင္မည္႔သူမ်ား၊ တကၠသုိလ္အဆင္႔ မဟုတ္တဲ႔ အေျခခံပညာအဆင္႔မွာ ပညာသင္ၾကားမည္႔သူမ်ား အေနနဲ႔ကေတာ႔ General Module ကို ေျဖဆုိႏုိင္ပါတယ္။

 

(Read in English)

IELTS is the world’s most popular English test for higher education and global migration. It is an international standardized test of English language proficiency for non-native English language speakers. IELTS is accepted by most AustralianBritishCanadian and New Zealand academic institutions, by over 3,000 academic institutions in the United States, and by various professional organizations across the world. IELTS is the only Secure English Language Test approved by UK Visas and Immigration (UKVI) for visa customers applying both outside and inside the UK.

No minimum score is required to pass the test. An IELTS result or Test Report Form is issued to all test takers with a score from “band 1” (“non-user”) to “band 9” (“expert user”) and each institution sets a different threshold. There is also a “band 0” score for those who did not attempt the test. Institutions are advised not to consider a report older than two years to be valid, unless the user proves that they have worked to maintain their level.

In 2016, 3 million tests were taken in more than 140 countries, up from 2 million tests in 2012, 1.7 million tests in 2011 and 1.4 million tests in 2009. In 2007, IELTS administered more than one million tests in a single 12-month period for the first time ever, making it the world’s most popular English language test for higher education and immigration.

 

In IELTS, there are four papers: Listening, Reading, Writing and Speaking. There are two different IELTS modules: Academic and General Training. The Speaking and Listening tests are the same in both modules, but the Reading and Writing tests are different. Choose Academic module if you wish to study at undergraduate or postgraduate levels; or if you are seeking professional registration, e.g. doctors and nurses. Choose General Training module if you wish to migrate to an English-speaking country or if you wish to train or study at below degree level.

 

References:

http://www.cambridgeenglish.org/exams-and-tests/ielts/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_English_Language_Testing_System

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